Manichaeism meaning

-kēə-nĭzəm
A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.
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The syncretic, dualistic religious philosophy taught by the Persian prophet Mani, combining elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought and opposed by the imperial Roman government, Neo-Platonist philosophers, and orthodox Christians.
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A dualistic religion that combined Zoroastrian, Christian, Gnostic, and other beliefs in a theology of cosmic struggle between Good (light, God, spirit) and Evil (darkness, Satan, matter): it was founded by Mani (L. name Manichaeus) in Persia in the 3d cent. a.d.
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Origin of manichaeism

  • From Late Latin Manichaeus Manichaean from Late Greek Manikhaios from Manikhaios , Mani

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition