- word for word; not imaginatively, figuratively, or freely: to translate a passage literally
- actually; in fact [the house literally burned to the ground]: now often used as an intensive to modify a word or phrase that itself is being used fig. [she literally flew into the room]: this latter usage is objected to by some
An example of literally is when you say you actually received 100 letters in response to an article.
- In a literal manner; word for word: translated the Greek passage literally.
- In a literal or strict sense: Don't take my remarks literally.
- Usage Problem a. Really; actually: “There are people in the world who literally do not know how to boil water” ( Craig Claiborne )b. Used as an intensive before a figurative expression.
Usage Note: For more than a hundred years, critics have remarked on the incoherence of using literally in a way that suggests the exact opposite of its primary sense of “in a manner that accords with the literal sense of the words.” In 1926, for example, H.W. Fowler deplored the example “The 300,000 Unionists … will be literally thrown to the wolves.” The practice reflects a tendency to use certain adverbs, like completely and unbelievably, as general intensifiers, without calling to mind the primary sense of the adjective from which the adverb is made. In this regard, literally is very similar to the adverb really, whose intensive use often has nothing to do with what is “real,” as in They really dropped the ball in marketing that product. • With regard to literally, the Usage Panel supports the traditional view. In our 2004 survey, only 23 percent of the Panel accepted the following sentence, in which literally undercuts the sentence's central metaphor: The situation was especially grim in England where industrialism was literally swallowing the country's youth. The Panel mustered more enthusiasm for the use of literally with a dead metaphor, which functions as a set phrase and evokes no image for most people. Some 37 percent accepted He was literally out of his mind with worry. But when there is no metaphor at all, a substantial majority of the Panel was willing to allow literally to be used as an intensifier; 66 percent accepted the sentence They had literally no help from the government on the project.
- (speech act) word for word; not figuratively; not as an idiom or metaphor
- When I saw on the news that there would be no school tomorrow because of the snowstorm, I literally jumped for joy, and hit my head on the ceiling fan.
- (degree, proscribed) used non-literally as an intensifier for figurative statements: virtually (often considered incorrect; see usage notes)
- (colloquial) Used as a generic downtoner: just, merely.
- You literally put it in the microwave for five minutes and it's done.
"Literally" is the opposite of "figuratively", so many authorities object to the use of literally as an intensifier for figurative statements. For example "you literally become the ball", by the primary sense, would mean actually transforming into a spherical object, while it is likely that the speaker means "figuratively" and is using literally as an intensifier. However, this type of usage is common in non-formal speech: "she was literally in floods of tears".
literal +"Ž -ly
- Well, not literally, but close.
- She'd never thought he meant she'd literally help revive the planet.
- By blow up, do you mean literally or figuratively?
- She was literally at the end of her rope, so flight into the woods was unwise.
- A mouse she could handle – literally, but a snake was something different.