From the Semiticq-d-š (“holy”), thus being "the holy city" in reference to the followers of Qetesh.
2 If certain clans moved direct from Kadesh into Judah, it is improbable that others made the lengthy detour from Kadesh by the Gulf of Akabah, but this may well be an attempt to fuse the traditions of two distinct migrations.
Kadesh (holy) was 1 Exod.
Amid a great variety of motives the prominence of Kadesh in south Palestine is to be recognized, but it is uncertain what clans or tribes were at Kadesh, and it is possible that traditions, originally confined to those with whom the new conception of Yahweh is connected, were subsequently adopted by others who came to regard themselves as the worshippers of the only true Yahweh.
The land was full of " sons of Anak," giants who had terrified the scouts sent from Kadesh.