Any of several nocturnal burrowing orthopteran insects of the subfamily Stenopelmatinae, especially Stenopelmatus fuscus of western North America, having a large round head and a striped abdomen.
Any of a family (Stenopelmatidae) of burrowing, wingless, long-horned crickets common in dry regions of W U.S.
Origin of jerusalem-cricket
Perhaps from Jerusalem! exclamation uttered upon encountering the large insect or from partial translation during contact between the Navajo and Christian missionaries of Navajo ch’osh bich’ich łichii’ red-skull bug (in reference to the skull-like appearance of its head and the hill of Golgotha outside Jerusalem, whose name is said in the Bible (Mark 15:22) to mean place of a skull)