Origin of IsraeliteMiddle English from Ecclesiastical Late Latin Israelita from Classical Greek Isra?lit?s
- A native or inhabitant of the ancient Northern Kingdom of Israel.
- A descendant of Jacob; a Jew.
- A member of a people regarded as the chosen people of God.
- A Jew not descended from the tribe of Levi and not a priest.
- Of or pertaining to the ancient nation(s) of Israel or the inhabitants thereof.
- (rare, chiefly in Protestantism) Of or pertaining to the descendants of the patriarch Jacob.
Israeli is the noun and adjective for the modern state of Israel and its people, and is not to be confused with Israelite. The usage to mean "pertaining to a descendant of Jacob" is rare, very narrowly confined to religious (mainly Protestant) contexts.