mountain system of SC Asia, extending along the Indian-Tibetan border and through Pakistan, Nepal, & Bhutan: highest peak, Mt. Everest
also Himalaya Mountains
From Sanskrit हिमालय (himā-laya, “abode of snow”), from हिम (himá, “frost, snow”) + आलय (ā-laya, “house, abode, dwelling”).
- On the south it is bounded by the Himalayas, on the north by a mountain-system still more vast.
- Failing to reach India through Upper Assam he returned to the neighbourhood of Lhasa, and crossed the Himalayas by a more westerly route.
- Or more along the lower slopes of the Himalayas and 30 m.
- During its passage through the southern spurs of the Himalayas it receives the Jahnavi from the north-west, and subsequently the Alaknanda, after which the united stream takes the name of the Ganges.
- Meanwhile the researches of Hugh Falconer (1808-1865) and of Proby Thomas Cautley (1802-1871) in the sub-Himalayas brought to light the marvellous fauna of the Siwalik hills of India, published in Fauna antiqua Sivalensis (London, 1845) and in the volumes of Falconer's individual researches.