An ancient city of south-central Italy on the Bay of Naples. A popular resort during Roman times, it was completely destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius ( ad 79). Important ruins have been unearthed since the early 1700s.
(place) Ancient city in S Italy, at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius: buried, together with Pompeii, in a volcanic eruption (a.d. 79)
(historical) A city in Italy which was entirely destroyed by same the eruption of Vesuvius that also turned Pompeii into a ruin.
The rolls found in the ruins of Herculaneum contain generally the less interesting works of writers of the, Epicurean school.
The more brittle condition of the Latin papyri found at Herculaneum has been instanced as the evil result of this re-making of the material.
In the famous picture of Tomomachus of Byzantium Medea is deliberating whether or not she shall kill her children; there are copies of this painting in the mural decorations of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
In the period before the Roman supremacy it appears to have been the chief town in the valley of the Sarnus, Herculaneum, Pompeii, Stabiae and Surrentum all being dependent upon it.