Galangal meaning

gălən-găl, gə-lănggəl
Either of two plants (Alpinia galanga or A. officinarum) of eastern Asia, having pungent, aromatic rhizomes used medicinally and as seasoning.
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The dried roots of either of these plants.
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Either of two plants (genus Alpinia) of the ginger family, whose dried rhizomes yield aromatic substances used in medicines and flavorings.
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Any of various plants (genus Cyperus) of the sedge family, some of which have aromatic rootstocks.
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Either of two plants (Alpinia galanga or A. officinarum) of eastern Asia, having pungent, aromatic rhizomes used medicinally and as seasoning.
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The dried roots of either of these plants.
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Any of several east Asian plants of the ginger family, used as a spice, but principally Alpinia galanga.
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Origin of galangal

  • Middle English galingale from Old French galingal, garingal from Medieval Latin galinga, galanga from Arabic ḫalunjān, ḫūlunjān from Persian ḫūlanjān probably akin to Sanskrit kulañjaḥ, kulañjanaḥ galangal (A. galanga)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Old French galingal, from Arabic قالنجان (qālanjān) (cognate with Persian قولنجان (kūlinjān), Sanskrit कुलञ्जन (kulañjana)), perhaps from Sinitic 高良薑 (read gāoliángjiāng in modern Mandarin), from 高良 (a district in China) + (“ginger”).

    From Wiktionary