A French overseas department of northeast South America on the Atlantic Ocean. French settlement began in 1604, but the area was largely ignored until penal colonies (now closed) were established in the 1800s. Cayenne is the capital and the largest city.
French overseas department in NE South America, on the Atlantic: 33,025 sq mi (85,534 sq km); cap. Cayenne.
Overseas department of France in South America. Official name: Department of French Guiana.
French-guiana Sentence Examples
Running north-east and south-east to enclose the sources of the Rio Paru, it unites with the French Guiana line at 2° 10' N., 55° W., and thence runs easterly along the water-parting of the Serra Tumuc-Humac to the source of the Oyapok, which river is the divisional line to the Atlantic coast.
The Oyapok, or Vicente Pinzon, is the best-known of the group and forms the boundary line between Brazil and French Guiana under the arbitration award of 1900.
The same principle which dictated the conquest of French Guiana originated attempts to seize the Spanish colonies of Montevideo and Buenos Aires, Portugal being also at war with Spain.
There had for a long period been difficulties with France with regard to the territory which lay between the mouth of the Amazon and Cayenne or French Guiana.
Napoleon had forced the Portuguese government to cede to him the northernmost arm of the mouth of the Amazon as the southern boundary of French Guiana with a large slice of the unexplored interior westwards.