Arabic fallāḥfromfalaḥato cultivate, tillplx̣ in Semitic roots
ARABI PASHA (c. 1839-), more correctly AUMAD `ARABI, to which in later years he added the epithet al-Misri, " the Egyptian," Egyptian soldier and revolutionary leader, was born in Lower Egypt in 1839 or 1840 of a fellah family.
The Coptic inhabitants are described in the article COPTS, and the rural population under FELLAH.
To succeed, it was essential that the fellah should be taught that discipline might be strict without being oppressive, that pay and rations would be fairly distributed, that brutal usage by superiors would be checked, that complaints would be thoroughly investigated, and impartial justice meted out to soldiers of all ranks.
While the patient fellah, resigned to the decrees Of the Almighty, saw the ruling Egyptian class hurry away from Cairo, he saw also those of his comrades who were stricken tenderly nursed, soothed in deaths struggles, and in many cases actually washed, laid out and interred by their new self-sacrificing and determined masters.
Tb.e honesty and discipline of the fellah were shown to be undoubtedly of a high order.