What about extradition, if a citizen of one country visits another and breaks the local law?
There were treaties between states for the extradition of fugitives, and contracts of mutual assurance between individuals against their loss by flight.
He has also the almost mechanical function of representing the state for various formal purposes, such as demanding from other states the extradition of offenders, the issuing of writs for the election of members of the legislature and of members of the Federal House of Representatives, and the receiving of reports from various state officials or boards.
The writ is freely resorted to in Canada, and in 1905, 1906, two appeals came to the privy council from the dominion, one with reference to an extradition case, the other with respect to the right to expel aliens.
As an outcome of his mission an extradition treaty was concluded with Great Britain in March 1898.