Declension meaning

dĭ-klĕn'shən
In certain languages, the inflection of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives with respect to categories such as case, number, and gender.
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A class of words of one language with the same or a similar system of inflections, such as the first declension in Latin.
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A descending slope; a descent.
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A decline or decrease; deterioration.
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A deviation, as from a standard or practice.
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A bending or sloping downward; slope; descent.
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A falling off or away; decline; deterioration.
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A class of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives having the same or a similar system of inflections to show case.
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The inflection of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives.
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(grammar): A way of categorizing nouns, pronouns, or adjectives according to the inflections they receive.

In Latin, 'amicus' belongs to the second declension. Most second-declension nouns end in '-i' in the genitive singular and '-um' in the accusative singular.

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(grammar): The act of declining a word; the act of listing the inflections of a noun, pronoun or adjective in order.
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Origin of declension

Middle English declenson from Old French declinaison from Latin dēclīnātiō dēclīnātiōn- grammatical declension, declination declination