Middle English decalogfrom Late Latin decalogusfrom Greek dekalogosdekatendekm̥ in Indo-European roots logosword, pronouncementleg- in Indo-European roots
But the expansion and revision of the Decalogue were not limited to the Deuteronomic school.
On the Jewish Decalogue, for instance, follows the law, and on the law the rabbinical schools.
It is quite another question whether there is any idea in the Decalogue which can be as old as Moses.
Of repentance it would seem that she knew as little as of fear, having been trained from her infancy in a religion where the Decalogue was supplanted by the Creed.
This last resulted in a great number of nominal conversions, as baptism was the passport to government favour, and church membership was based on the learning of the Decalogue and the Lord's Prayer, and on the saying of grace at mealtimes.