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+an we may write in general D s f = ZD(p l p 2 p 3 ï¿½ï¿½) the summation being for every partition (piP2p3...) of s, and D(p iP2 p 3 ...)f being =2 (Dpifi)(DP2f2) (DL'h3f3)f4...f,n.
p. 493) that the operation 1 1 d P?
These equations can be made to represent the state of convective equilibrium of the atmosphere, depending on the gas-equation p = pk =RA (6) where 0 denotes the absolute temperature; and then d9 d p R dz - dz (p) n+ 1' so that the temperature-gradient deldz is constant, as in convective equilibrium in (I I).
dp dpu dpv dpw -z)' reducing to the first line, the second line vanishing in consequence of the equation of continuity; and so the equation of motion may be written in the more usual form du du du du d dt +udx+vdy +wdz =X -n dx' with the two others dv dv dv dv i dp dt +u dx +v dy +w dz - Y -P d y' dw dw dw Z w dw i d p dt +u dx +v dy +wd - -P dz.
That is to say, instead of using Boyle's law, which supposes that the pressure changes so exceedingly slowly that conduction keeps the temperature constant, we must use the adiabatic relation p = kpy, whence d p /d p = y k p Y 1= yp/p, and U = (yp/p) [Laplace's formula].