742-814; king of the Franks (768-814): emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (800-814)
also called Charles I or Charles the Great
Also called Charles I or “Charles the Great.” 742?-814
King of the Franks (768-814) and founder of the first empire in western Europe after the fall of Rome. His court at Aix-la-Chapelle became the center of the Carolingian Renaissance.
- One of the kings of the Franks from 768 to 814, crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 until his death in 814.
- Under Charlemagne and his successors it was not used.
- He sent an embassy to Charlemagne in 768 and was deposed in 774, whereupon he fled to Bamburgh and afterwards to the Picts.
- In 803 and 810 he made a treaty with Charlemagne, by which the limits of the two empires were amicably fixed.
- After the death of Charlemagne the Moravian princes took advantage of the dissensions of his successors to enlarge their territories and assert their independence, and Rastislaus (c. 850) even formed an alliance with the Bulgarians and the Byzantine emperor.
- Towards the end of the century, Charlemagne, himself a Netherlander by descent and ancestral possessions, after a severe struggle, thoroughly subdued the Frisians and Saxons, and compelled them to embrace Christianity.