region & former kingdom in N and central Spain: gained autonomy in 10th cent. & united with León, & later with Aragon (15th cent.), & became the nucleus of the Spanish monarchy: traditionally divided between Old Castile, to the north (now the region of Castilla-León, 36,350 sq mi or 94,147 sq km; cap. Burgos) and New Castile, to the south (now the region of Castilla-La Mancha, 30,589 sq mi or 79,225 sq km; cap. Toledo)
Sp. name Cas·tilla
A region and former kingdom of central and northern Spain. Autonomous from the tenth century, it joined with Aragon in 1479 after the marriage of Isabella and Ferdinand (1469), thus forming the nucleus of modern Spain.
Supposedly from the many castles constructed in the region.
- King of Castile, who had been chosen German king in 1257, to do the same.
- There are several fine public buildings, as the governor's palace, the new opera-house, the public library and museum of Maltese antiquities, and the auberges or lodges of the Knights of Malta (especially the Auberge de Castile) which are now used for military offices, club-rooms, and other purposes.
- In the peninsula, he signed the league of Venice in March 1495, and about the same time arranged a marriage between his son Philip and Joanna, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, king and queen of Castile and Aragon.
- In his youth he was one of the infantes (princes) of Aragon who took part in the dissensions of Castile during the minority and reign of John II.
- Of France, and in preparing the way for the marriage of his son Ferdinand with Isabella of Castile, which brought about the union of the crowns.