- seaport in ancient Palestine, on the Mediterranean, south of Haifa, Israel: Roman capital of Palestine
- city in ancient Palestine, near Mt. Hermonalso Caesarea Philippi
- also Caesarea Pal·e·sti·nae An ancient seaport of Palestine south of present-day Haifa, Israel. It was founded (30 BC) by Herod the Great and later became the capital of Roman Judea. The city was destroyed by Muslims in 1265.
- also Caesarea Phil·ip·pi An ancient city of northern Palestine near Mount Hermon in present-day southwest Syria. It was built in the first century AD on the site of a center for the worship of Pan.
- also Caesarea Maz·a·ca An ancient city of Cappadocia on the site of present-day Kayseri in central Turkey. The chief city of the region, it was destroyed by Persians in AD 260.
- When the king of Persia, Shapur, captured Mazaca-Caesarea, the Cappadocian capital, Samuel refused to mourn for the 12,000 Jews who lost their livesin its defence.
- Mazaca, the residence of the kings of Cappadocia, later called Eusebea (perhaps after Ariarathes Eusebes), and named Caesarea probably by Claudius, stood on a low spur on the north side of Erjies Dagh (M.
- Anak was slain by his victim's soldiers; Gregory was rescued by his Christian nurse, carried to Caesarea in Cappadocia, and brought up a Christian.
- The time had now come for Gregory, who was still a layman and father of two sons, to receive ordination; so he went to Caesarea, where Leontius ordained and consecrated him catholicos or vicar-general of Armenia.
- Gregory's ordination at Caesarea is historical.