Bitumen meaning

bĭ-to͝o'mən, -tyo͝o'-, bī-
Any of various black, combustible, solid to semisolid mixtures of hydrocarbons that are usually obtained from the distillation of petroleum, used to make roofing materials, sealants, paints, etc.
noun
2
3
Any of various flammable mixtures of hydrocarbons and other substances, occurring naturally or obtained by distillation from coal or petroleum, that are a component of asphalt and tar and are used for surfacing roads and for waterproofing.
noun
1
0
Mineral pitch; a black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame; Jew’s pitch. It occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, as on the shores of the Dead and Caspian Seas. It is used in cements, in the construction of pavements, et cetera.
noun
1
1
(Canadian English) Canadian deposits of extremely heavy crude oil.
noun
0
0
Asphalt found in a natural state.
noun
0
1
Advertisement
Any of various flammable mixtures of hydrocarbons and other substances found in asphalt and tar. Bitumens occur naturally or are produced from petroleum and coal.
0
1
By extension, any one of the natural hydrocarbons, including the hard, solid, brittle varieties called asphalt, the semisolid maltha and mineral tars, the oily petrolea, and even the light, volatile naphthas.
noun
0
1

Origin of bitumen

  • Middle English bithumen a mineral pitch from the Near East from Latin bitūmen perhaps of Celtic origin
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
  • From Latin bitūmen, from Gaulish *bitu (compare Scottish Gaelic bìth ‘resin, gum’) and -ūmen from Latin ferūmen ‘cement, glue’.
    From Wiktionary