Birefringence meaning

bīrĭ-frĭnjəns
The resolution or splitting of a light wave into two unequally reflected or transmitted waves by an optically anisotropic medium such as calcite or quartz.
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The splitting of a light ray, generally by a crystal, into two components that travel at different velocities and are polarized at right angles to each other.
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The difference in the index of refraction between two beams passing through a substance that has this property.
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(physics) The splitting of a ray of light into two parallel rays of perpendicular polarization by passage through an optically anisotropic medium.
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The property or capacity of splitting a beam of light into two beams, each refracted at a different angle, and each polarized at a right angle to the other. Certain crystals such as calcite and quartz have this property.
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