Benzene Definition

bĕnzēn, bĕn-zēn
noun
A clear, flammable, poisonous, aromatic liquid, C6H6, obtained by scrubbing coal gas with oil and by the fractional distillation of coal tar: it is used as a solvent and in making a vast number of derivatives used in plastics, insecticides, detergents, paints, dyes, etc.
Webster's New World
A colorless, flammable, toxic, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon, C6 H6 , derived from petroleum and used in or to manufacture a wide variety of chemical products, including DDT, detergents, insecticides, and motor fuels.
American Heritage Medicine

(organic chemistry) An aromatic hydrocarbon of formula C6H6 whose structure consists of a ring of alternate single and double bonds.

Wiktionary

(organic chemistry, in combination) Sometimes used in place of the phenyl group.

Wiktionary
Synonyms:
other
A colorless flammable liquid derived from petroleum. Benzene is used to make detergents, insecticides, motor fuels, and many other chemical products. Chemical formula: C6H6 .
American Heritage Science
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Other Word Forms of Benzene

Noun

Singular:
benzene
Plural:
benzenes

Origin of Benzene

  • A technical term in chemistry, adopted in English in 1835 as benzine (benzene from 1872), from German Benzin, which was coined in 1833 by Eilhardt Mitscherlich based on Benzoesäure "benzoic acid", plus the technical ending -ene (German -in) denoting hydrocarbons. benzoic in turn is an adjective formed from benzoin, originally a term for a balsamic resin.

    From Wiktionary

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