1907, Various, The Wit and Humor of America, Volume IV. (of X.):
Then shewed the devil the booke unto the friar, and the friar saw it was an uncut unique of incalculable value; the height of it was half a cubit and the breadth of it the fourth part of a cubit and the thickness of it five barleycorns lacking the space of three horsehairs.
(architecture, woodworking) A small groove between two mouldings.
26, called the " barleycorn," and 27, called the " bead."
The convivial verse, at its best in Dunbar's Testament of Mr Andrew Kennedy, may be studied in Quhy sould nocht Allane honorit be, one of the many eulogies of John Barleycorn anticipatory of Burns's well-known piece.
The fore-sight of the British service " short " Lee-Enfield (1903) has guards and also a lateral adjustment of the barleycorn.
The barley-corn has been personified as representing the malt liquor made from barley, as in Burns's song "John Barleycorn."