Babism definitions

bä'bĭz'əm
A 19th-century religious movement arising out of Shiism that asserted a new revelation and a new law, claiming to supersede Islamic law and demanding extensive social reforms. One of its followers founded the Baha'i faith in 1863.
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A Persian religion founded c. 1844 by the Bab (Mirza Ali Mohammed): it forbids begging, drinking alcoholic liquors, buying and selling slaves, having more than one wife, etc.
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The doctrine of a modern religious sect, which originated in Persia in 1844.
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Origin of babism

From Bab (Persian باب bâb a gate), the title assumed by the founder, Siyyid `Alí Muhammad.