Country in SC Asia, between Iran and Pakistan: 250,001 sq mi (647,500 sq km); cap. Kabul.
Webster's New World
A landlocked country in Central Asia. Official name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Capital: Kabul. Official languages: Persian (Dari), Pashto.
A landlocked country of southwest-central Asia. Frequently dominated since ancient times by foreign empires, Afghanistan gained full independence only in 1919. The USSR invaded in 1979 but met fierce resistance from Afghan insurgents and withdrew its troops in 1989. The resulting power vacuum led to the rise of the Taliban, which established strict Islamic rule over most of the country. The Taliban was overthrown by a US-led invasion in 2001 that set up a pro-Western government, although armed resistance continued in many parts of the country. Kabul is the capital and the largest city.
Origin of Afghanistan
From Persianافغان (Afğān, “Afghan”) or Arabicافغان (Afġān, “Afghan”) + Persianستان (-stân, “place of”).
Afghanistan Sentence Examples
Russia, Persia, Afghanistan, Baluchistan, India and China have all revised their borders, and with the revision the political relations between these countries have acquired a new and more assured basis.
The same principle of maintaining an intervening width of neutral territory between the two countries is definitely established throughout the eastern borders of Afghanistan, along the full length of which a definite boundary has been demarcated to the point where it touches the northern limits of Baluchistan on the Gomal river.
Where the Oxus river takes its great bend to the north from Ishkashim, the breadth of the Afghan territory intervening between that river and the main water-divide of the Hindu Kush is not more than 10 or 12 m.; and east of the Pamir extension of Afghanistan, where the Beyik Pass crosses the Sarikol range and drops into the Taghdumbash Pamir, there is but the narrow width of the Karachukar valley between the Sarikol and the Murtagh.
From the Gomal Baluchistan itself becomes an intervening state between British India and Afghanistan, and the dividing line between Baluchistan and Afghanistan is laid down with all the precision employed on the more northerly sections of the demarcation.
They seem almost entirely to have exhausted their northward velocity by the time they have reached the northern extremity of the great Indian plain; they are not felt on the table-lands of Afghanistan, and hardly penetrate into the Indus basin or the ranges of the Himalaya, by which mountains, and those which branch off from them into the Malay peninsula, they are prevented from continuing their progress in the direction originally imparted to them.