Origin of verbenaModern Latin ; from L, foliage, branches, vervain ; from Indo-European an unverified form werb-, to turn, bend ; from base an unverified form wer- from source worm
- Any of various plants of the genus Verbena, chiefly of the Americas, that have opposite leaves and flowers with five-lobed corollas and are used medicinally or cultivated for their showy spikes of variously colored flowers. Also called vervain.
- Any of several similar plants, such as the lemon verbena.
Origin of verbenaLatin verb&emacron;na, sacred foliage; see wer-2 in Indo-European roots.
From Latin verbena (“leaves or twigs of olive, myrtle, laurel, or other sacred plants employed in religious ceremonies"), from Proto-Indo-European *werbh (see also Lithuanian virbas (“twig, branch, scion, rod")), from Proto-Indo-European *werb- (“to turn, bend"). Cognate with Middle Dutch warp, Middle Low German warp, German Warf, Danish varp, Swedish varp.