- in the 17th cent., any of the dispossessed Irish who became outlaws, killed English settlers and soldiers, and lived by plundering
- later, an armed Irish Catholic or Royalist
- in 1679-1680, a person who opposed the exclusion of James, Duke of York, from succession to the English throne
- after 1689, a member of one of the two major political parties of England: opposed to Whig, and later, to Liberal, Radical, Laborite; changed officially c. 1830 to Conservative
- a member of the Conservative Party of Canada
- in the American Revolution, a person who advocated or actively supported continued allegiance to Great Britain
- [oftent-] any extreme conservative; reactionary
Origin of ToryIrish t?ruidhe, robber, pursuer from t?ir, to pursue; akin to Gaelic t?ir, pursuit
[alsot-] of, being, or having the conservative principles of a Tory
- a. A member of a British political party, founded in 1689, that was the opposition party to the Whigs and has been known as the Conservative Party since about 1832.b. A member of a Conservative party, as in Canada.
- An American who, during the period of the American Revolution, favored the British side. Also called Loyalist .
- often tory A supporter of traditional political and social institutions against the forces of democratization or reform; a political conservative.
Origin of ToryIrish Gaelic tóraidhe robber from Old Irish tóir pursuit ; see ret- in Indo-European roots.
(plural tories) (UK)
See etymology at Tory.