Origin of swartMiddle English from Old English sweart, akin to German schwarz, black from Indo-European an unverified form swordos, dirty, black from source Classical Latin sordidus, sordid
Origin of swartMiddle English swarte from Old English sweart
(comparative swarter, superlative swartest)
From Middle English swart, from Old English sweart (“swarthy, black, dark; gloomy; evil, infamous"), from Proto-Germanic *swartaz (“black, dark-coloured"), from Proto-Indo-European *swordo- (“dirty, dark, black"). Cognate with Scots swart (“black"), West Frisian swart (“black"), Dutch zwart (“black, dark"), Low German swart (“black"), German schwarz (“black"), Danish sort (“black"), Swedish svart (“black"), Icelandic svartur (“black"), Latin sordes (“dirt, filth"). Compare sordid, surd.
(third-person singular simple present swarts, present participle swarting, simple past and past participle swarted)
From Middle English swarten, from Old English sweartian (“to become black; make black"), from Proto-Germanic *swartÅnÄ… (“to blacken, make black"), from Proto-Indo-European *swordos (“black, dirty").
- Obsolete spelling of sward.
Variant of sward.