The Monteponi Company smelts its own zinc, but the lead is almost all smelted at the furnaces of Pertusola near Spezia.
Copper is smelted in Ardennes and Pas-de-Calais.
These ores were worked by the ancients, but so inefficiently that their spoilheaps can be smelted again with profit.
Lead ores are smelted in the reverberatory furnace, the ore-hearth, and the blast-furnace.
While by the English and Carinthian processes as much lead as possible is extracted in the furnace, with the Silesian method a very low temperature is used, thus taking out about one-half of the lead and leaving very rich slags (50% lead) to be smelted in the blast-furnace, the ultimate result being a very much higher yield than by either of the other processes.