a fore-and-aft-rigged, single-masted sailing vessel with a mainsail and a jib
Origin of sloopDutch sloep from Low German sluup from slupen (akin to Old English slupan), to glide: for Indo-European base see slip
A single-masted, fore-and-aft-rigged sailing boat with a short standing bowsprit or none at all and a single headsail set from the forestay.
Origin of sloopDutch sloep from Middle French chaloupe shallop, longboat alteration of earlier chaloppe ; see shallop.
From Dutch sloep, from Middle Dutch sloepen (“to glide").