silicon[sil′i kän′, -kən]
Origin of siliconModL: altered (1817, by T. Thomson (1773-1852), Scottish chemist, modeled on boron, carbon, because of chemical resemblances) ; from silicium
Origin of siliconFrom silica.
Do not confuse silicon with silicone.
- (slang) computing
- (slang) computer processor
- Abbreviation of silicon chip.
From the silicon chips used in computers
silicon - Computer Definition
A brittle nonmetallic element (No. 14 in the Periodic Table of Elements) found in abundance in nature. When combined with oxygen, the only element that is more abundant on Earth, silicon forms silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ), which is used in the manufacture of semiconductors used in transistors, rectifiers, solar cells, glass optical fiber (GOF), etc. Silicon is used in the manufacture of, but is not to be confused with, silicone.
(Si) The base material used in chips. Pronounced "sil-i-kin," not "sil-i-cone," the latter used to make sealants (see silicone), silicon is the most abundant element in nature next to oxygen. It is found in a natural state in rocks and sand, and its atomic structure makes it an ideal semiconductor material. For chip making, silicon is mined from white quartz rocks and put through a chemical process at high temperatures to purify it. Pure silicon is not electrically conductive. In order to make it conductive, it is chemically combined with other materials such as boron and phosphorus (see doping). See silicon germanium and black silicon.