Secale cereale, rye (q.v.), is cultivated mainly in northern Europe.
Seigle ergote), consisting of the sclerotium (or hard resting condition) of a fungus, Claviceps purpurea, parasitic on the pistils of many members of the Grass family, but obtained almost exclusively from rye, Secale cereale.
This cereal, known botanically as Secale cereale, is supposed to be the cultivated form of S.
The origin of the Latin name secale, which exists in a modified form among the Basques and Bretons, is not explained.