American slave who sued for his liberty after spending four years with his master in a territory where slavery had been banned by the Missouri Compromise. The resulting decision by the U.S. Supreme Court (1857) declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional because a slave could not be taken from a master without due process of law.
, Robert Falcon 1868-1912.
British explorer who reached the South Pole (January 1912) only to find that Roald Amundsen had discovered the spot one month before.
, Sir Walter 1771-1832.
British writer of ballads and historical novels, a genre he developed. His works include Waverley (1814) and Ivanhoe (1819).
, Winfield 1786-1866.
American general. A hero of the War of 1812, he captured Veracruz, defeated Santa Anna, and captured Chapultepec during the Mexican War (1846-1848).