- (computer hardware) Serial ATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) (A computer bus technology primarily designed for transfer of data to and from a hard disk. It is the successor to the legacy Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) standard.)
serial + ATA
sata - Computer Definition
(Serial ATA) The standard hardware interface for connecting hard drives and CD/DVD drives to the computer. SATA was introduced in 2001, and nearly all computers use SATA drives. External SATA (eSATA) and Powered eSATA Although most SATA drives are internal and cabled directly to the motherboard, computers may have "eSATA" ports on the outside of the case for plugging in an external SATA drive. If the port is "eSATAp" (powered eSATA), the external drive derives its power from the computer rather than a wall outlet. SATA, PATA and IDE SATA is the faster serial version of the original parallel ATA (PATA) interface. Both SATA and PATA are "integrated drive electronics" (IDE) devices, which means the controller is in the drive, and only a simple circuit is required on the motherboard. Although SATA is an IDE technology, "IDE" refers to PATA (for details, see IDE, AHCI and PATA/SATA specifications). See mSATA and SATA Express. SATA Data Transfer Rate Version Gbits/sec MBytes/sec Year 1.0 (I) 1.5 150 2001 2.0 (II, 3G) 3.0 300 2004 3.0 (III, 6G) 6.0 600 2009 3.2 (Express) 16.0 1969 2013 See SATA Express.