- group of islands in the South Pacific, north of Tongadivided into American Samoa & Samoa
- country in the South Pacific, consisting of two large islands (Savaii & Upolu) & several small ones: became independent in 1962 & a member of the Commonwealth in 1970: 1,137 sq mi (2,944 sq km); cap. Apia
- An island group of the southern Pacific Ocean east-northeast of Fiji, divided between Samoa, a sovereign nation, and American Samoa, a territory of the United States. The islands were originally populated by Polynesians perhaps as early as 1000 BC and were first sighted by European explorers in 1722. Dual administration of the archipelago was established by treaty in 1899.
- An island country of the southern Pacific Ocean comprising the western Samoa Islands. The islands, inhabited by a Polynesian people, were visited by Dutch and French navigators in the 1700s and became a German colony in 1899. Occupied by New Zealand during World War I, the islands, known as Western Samoa, were later administered as a League of Nations mandate and a UN trust territory. The country achieved independence as a constitutional monarchy in 1962, and in 1997 the country's name was formally changed to Samoa. Apia, on Upolu Island, is the capital.x
- The French were now taking a share in the work of discovery, and in 1768 Louis Antoine de Bougainville sailed by way of the central Paumotus, the Society Islands, Samoa, the northern New Hebrides, the south coast of New Guinea and the Louisiade and Bismarck archipelagoes.
- Thus it would seem certain that the Maoris, starting from "further Hawaiki," or Samoa, first touched at Rarotonga, "nearer Hawaiki," whence, after forming a settlement, they journeyed on to New Zealand.
- Maori tradition is explicit as to the cause of the exodus from Samoa, gives the names of the canoes in which the journey was made and the time of year at which the coast of New Zealand was sighted.
- If earlier immigrants from Samoa or other eastern Pacific islands arrived they must have become absorbed into the native Papuan population - arguing from the absence of any distinct tradition earlier than that "of the six canoes."
- They have an ancient spear which they believe was brought from Samoa, and they actually name the valley from which their ancestors started.