Qatar[kä tär′, kä′tär′]
country occupying a peninsula of E Arabia, on the Persian Gulf: entered into treaty relations with Great Britain in 1878 & became an independent emirate in 1971: 4,416 sq mi (11,437 sq km); pop. 369,000; cap. Doha
A country of eastern Arabia on a peninsula in the southwest Persian Gulf. A traditional monarchy, it was a British protectorate from 1916 until 1971, when it became independent. Oil was first produced commercially in 1949, and its production still dominates Qatar's economy. Doha is the capital and the largest city.