country occupying a peninsula of E Arabia, on the Persian Gulf: entered into treaty relations with Great Britain in 1878 & became an independent emirate in 1971: 4,416 sq mi (11,437 sq km); pop. 369,000; cap. Doha
See Qatar in American Heritage Dictionary 4
A country of eastern Arabia on a peninsula in the southwest Persian Gulf. A traditional monarchy, it was under British protection from 1916 until 1971, when it became independent. Oil was first produced commercially in 1949, and its production still dominates Qatar's economy. Ethnic Qataris, Arabs of the Wahhabi sect, make up a quarter of the population, with the rest being immigrants and guest workers primarily from other Muslim countries. Doha is the capital and the largest city. Population: 907,000.