We may note at the outset the spirit of pessimism which, like the curse on the hoard, pervades the whole.
Anarchy, indeed, pervades the whole method of nublication.
Lecky and Creighton are almost as dispassionate as Gardiner, but are more definitely committed to particular points of views, while democratic fervour pervades the fascinating pages of J.R.Green, and an intellectual secularism, which is almost religious in its intensity and idealism, inspired the genius of Maitland.
Here a belief is assumed which pervades ancient magic and religion.
Clement and Origen, at the head of the Alexandrian school, took a somewhat subtle view of the Incarnation, and Docetism pervades their controversies with the Monarchians.