octopus[äk′tə pəs, -po̵os]
- The definition of an octopus is a sea creature with a soft saclike body with eight sucker-lined limbs.
An example of an octopus is the character Pearl in the movie Finding Nemo.
A giant octopus.
nounpl. octopuses, octopi , octopodes
- any of various octopods (order Octopoda) having a soft, saclike body, a reduced coelom, an internal vestigial shell, and eight sucker-bearing arms around the mouth
- anything suggesting an octopus; esp., an organization with branches that reach out in a powerful and influential manner
Origin of octopusModern Latin ; from Classical Greek oktōpous, eight-footed ; from oktō, eight + pous (gen. podos), foot
nounpl. oc·to·pus·es or oc·to·pi
- Any of various carnivorous marine cephalopod mollusks chiefly of the family Octopodidae, having a soft body, eight arms with suckers, a large distinct head, and a mouth with a strong beak.
- Something, such as a multinational corporation, that has many powerful, centrally controlled branches.
Origin of octopusNew Latin Octōpūs, genus name, from Greek oktōpous, eight-footed : oktō, eight; see oktō(u) in Indo-European roots + pous, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.
(plural octopuses or octopodes or octopi) (see usage notes)
- Any of several marine molluscs/mollusks, of the family Octopodidae, having no internal or external protective shell or bone (unlike the nautilus, squid or cuttlefish) and eight arms each covered with suckers.
- (uncountable) The flesh of these marine molluscs eaten as food.
- An organization that has many powerful branches controlled from the centre.
The plural octopi is hypercorrect, coming from the mistaken notion that the -us in octopÅ«s is a Latin second declension ending. The word is actually treated as a third declension noun in Latin. The plural octopodes follows the Ancient Greek plural, á½€ÎºÏ„ÏŽÏ€Î¿Î´ÎµÏ‚ (oktÅpodes). The plural octopii is based on an incorrect attempt to pluralise the word based on an incorrect assumption of its origin, and is rare and widely considered to be nonstandard.
Sources differ on which plurals are acceptable: Fowler's Modern English Usage asserts that â€œthe only acceptable plural in English is octopusesâ€, while Merriam-Webster and other dictionaries accept octopi as a plural form. The Oxford English Dictionary lists octopuses, octopi, and octopodes (the order reflecting decreasing frequency of use), stating that the last form is rare.
The term octopod (either plural octopods and octopodes can be found) is taken from the taxonomic order Octopoda but has no classical equivalent, and is not necessarily synonymous (it can encompass any member of that order). The collective form octopus is usually reserved for animals consumed for food.
From Ancient Greek á½€ÎºÏ„ÏŽÏ€Î¿Ï…Ï‚ (oktÅpous), from á½€ÎºÏ„ÏŽ (oktÅ, â€œeightâ€) + Ï€Î¿ÏÏ‚ (pous, â€œfootâ€).
From Latin octopÅ«s, from Ancient Greek á½€ÎºÏ„ÏŽÏ€Î¿Î´ÎµÏ‚ (oktÅpodes, â€œeight feetâ€).