Origin of neuronModern Latin from Classical Greek neuron, nerve
The definition of a neuron is a basic nerve cell that builds the nervous system and transmits information throughout the body.
An example of a neuron is a cell that tells your body to react to pain.
the structural and functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the nerve cell body and all its processes, including an axon and one or more dendrites
- Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
- A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. Also called In both senses also called nerve cell .
Origin of neuronGreek sinew, string, nerve ; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.
- neu′ro·nal neu·ron′ic
(plural neurons or neura)
From New Latin, from Ancient Greek Î½Îµá¿¦ÏÎ¿Î½ (neuron, “nerve").
- This gentle continuous activity of the neuron is called its tonus.
- Sleep is not exhaustion of the neuron in the sense that prolonged activity has reduced its excitability to zero.
- The synapse, therefore, as the place of meeting of one neuron with the next is called, is said to valve the nerve circuits.
- In the myelinated cell branches of the neuron, that is, in the ordinary nerve fibres, no visible change has ever been demonstrated as the result of any normal activity, however great - a striking contrast to the observations obtained on the perikarya.
- In addition to the trophic influence exerted by each part of the neuron on its other parts, notably by the perikaryon on the cell branches, one neuron also in many instances influences the nutrition of other neurons.