- any of a genus (Lysimachia) of plants of the primrose family, with leafy stems and loose spikes of white, rose, or yellow flowers
- any of a genus (Lythrum) of plants of the loosestrife family, esp. purple loosestrife (L. salicaria) with spikes of purple flowers
Origin of loosestrifeloose, verb + strife: used as translated, translation of Classical Latin lysimachia ; from Classical Greek lysimacheios, understood as “ending strife” ; from lyein, to loosen, solve (see lysis) + mach?, battle: from its assumed soothing properties, but probably after Lysimachia, city in Thrace, or Lysimachos, king of Thrace, its founder
designating a family (Lythraceae, order Myrtales) of chiefly tropical dicotyledonous plants, including henna
- Any of various plants of the genus Lythrum, having spikes of purple or white flowers, especially the purple loosestrife.
- Any of various perennial plants of the genus Lysimachia, having usually yellow flowers.
Origin of loosestrifeMistranslation of Latin l&ymacron;simach&imacron;a (as if from Greek lusis, loosening + Greek makh&emacron;, battle), from Greek l&umacron;simakheios, perhaps after L&umacron;simakhos, Lysimachos, Greek physician of the fifth or fourth century BC.