jowl[jo̵ul; occas. jōl]
- a jawbone or jaw; esp., the lower jaw with the chin and cheeks
- the cheek
- the meat of a hog's cheek
Origin of jowlMiddle English chavel ; from Old English ceafl, jaw, cheek, akin to Old Norse kjoptr, Middle High German kivel ; from Indo-European base an unverified form ĝebh-, jaw, mouth from source Old Irish gop, mouth, Czech ẑábra, gills (of fish)
- the fleshy hanging part under the lower jaw
- the dewlap of cattle
- the wattle of fowl
- the head and adjacent parts of a fish
Origin of jowlMiddle English cholle ; from Old English ceole, throat, akin to German kehle ; from Indo-European base an unverified form gel-, to swallow from source Old Irish gaile, stomach
- The jaw, especially the lower jaw.
- The cheek.
Origin of jowlMiddle English chavel, chaule, jaule (influenced by joue, jaw or jol, head), from Old English ceafl.
- The flesh of the lower cheeks or lower jaw, especially when plump or flaccid.
- A fleshy part similar to a jowl, such as the dewlap of a cow or the wattle of a fowl.
Origin of jowlAlteration of Middle English cholle (influenced by Middle English joue, jaw or jol, head); perhaps akin to Old English ceole, throat, dewlap.
(third-person singular simple present jowls, present participle jowling, simple past and past participle jowled)
From Middle English chawl, chavel (“cheek, jaw”), from Old English ċeafl, from Proto-Germanic *keblą (compare Dutch kevels (“jawbones”), Swiss German Chifel), variant of *kebrą (compare German Kiefer), enlargement of Proto-Germanic *kebą (compare Low German Keve, Keben (“jaw; gill”) (pl.), Palatinate German Kife), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵebʰ- (compare Irish gob (“mouth”), Lithuanian žė̃bti (“to chew”), Czech žábra (“gills”), Avestan [script?] (zafar, “mouth”) [script?]).
- a fold of fatty flesh under the chin, around the cheeks, or lower jaw (as a dewlap, wattle, crop, or double chin).
- cut of fish including the head and adjacent parts
Middle English cholle (“wattle, jowl”), from Old English ċeole, ċeolu (“throat”), from Proto-Germanic *kelǭ (“gullet”) (compare West Frisian kiel, Dutch keel, German Kehle), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷelu- (“to swallow”) (compare Irish in-gilim (“I graze”), goile (“stomach”), Latin gula (“throat”), gluttīre (“to swallow”), Russian глотать (glotatʹ, “to swallow, gulp”), Greek δέλεαρ (délear, “lure”), Armenian կլանել (klanel, “I swallow”), Persian گلو (galû), Hindi गला (galā, “neck, throat”)).