Israel[iz′rē əl, -rā-; iz′rəl]
- Israel is a country between Jordan and the Mediterranean Sea.
An example of Israel is where Tel Aviv is located.
- Israel are the Hebrew people descended from Jacob of the Bible.
An example of Israel is people of the Jewish faith.
A map of the modern state of Israel.
- a masculine name: dim. Izzy
- Bible Jacob: so named after wrestling with the angel: Gen. 32:28
- the Jewish people, as descendants of Jacob
Origin of IsraelOld French ; from Ecclesiastical Late Latin ; from Classical Greek Israēl ; from Classical Hebrew (language) yisrael, literally , contender with God ; from sara, to wrestle + el, God
- ancient land of the Hebrews at the SE end of the Mediterranean
- kingdom in the N part of this region, formed (10th cent. ) by the ten tribes of Israel that broke with Judah & Benjamin
- country between the Mediterranean Sea & Jordan: established (1948) as a Jewish state according to the United Nations plan (1947) partitioning Palestine into Arab and Jewish states: 8,463 sq mi (21,919 sq km); pop. 4,038,000; cap. Jerusalem
- Bible a. Jacob.b. The descendants of Jacob.
- Judaism The Hebrew people, past, present, and future, regarded as the chosen people of God by virtue of the covenant of Jacob.
Origin of IsraelMiddle English, from Old English, from Latin, from Greek Israēl, from Hebrew yiśrā’ēl, God has striven, God has saved : yiśrā, he has striven, saved; see śry in Semitic roots + ’ēl, God; see ℵl in Semitic roots.
- An ancient kingdom of Palestine. According to the Bible, it was founded by Saul (c. 1025 BC), was greatly reduced in size when its southern part became the kingdom of Judah (c. 930), and was eventually overthrown by the Assyrians (c. 720).
- A country of southwest Asia on the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It was established as a primarily Jewish state in 1948, largely along the lines of a United Nations partition plan for Palestine. Discord between Israel and neighboring Arab states led to numerous wars between 1948 and 1973. In the Six-Day War (1967) Israel occupied the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, and Jerusalem's Old City, annexing the latter two territories in 1980 and 1981. Israel returned Sinai to Egypt in 1982 and passed partial control of Gaza and the West Bank to the Palestinians by agreements signed in 1993 and 1994, but peace efforts were hampered by outbreaks of violence, by disagreement over the status of Jerusalem, and by the building of Jewish settlements in the occupied territories. Jerusalem is the capital.
- The State of Israel, a modern country in the Middle East, at the eastern shore of the Mediterranean.
- The Land of Israel, a region that is roughly coextensive with the State of Israel.
- (historical) A nation that occupied roughly the same area in ancient times.
- (historical) An ancient kingdom that occupied the northern part of this area, as distinct from Judah.
- The Jews, taken collectively.
- (biblical) A name given to Jacob (Genesis 32:28).
- A male given name.
- (Land of Israel): The use of the name Israel to refer to the region is sometimes seen as politically or emotionally charged; indeed, this is true of all terms for this region.
From Hebrew יִשְׂרָאֵל (yisra'él, “Israel”), which, in Biblical Hebrew, means "he who wrestles with God" (a Biblical name for Jacob after he wrestles with an adversary).