- a protein hormone secreted by the islets of Langerhans, in the pancreas, which helps the body use sugar and other carbohydrates
- a preparation extracted from the pancreas of sheep, oxen, etc. and used hypodermically in the treatment of diabetes mellitus
Origin of insulinfrom Classical Latin insula, island (see isle) + -in: in allusion to the islets of Langerhans
- A polypeptide hormone that is secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and functions in the regulation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism, especially the conversion of glucose to glycogen, which lowers the blood glucose level. It consists of two linked polypeptide chains called A and B.
- Any of various pharmaceutical preparations containing this hormone or a close chemical analog, derived from the pancreas of certain animals or produced through genetic engineering and used in the medical treatment and management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Origin of insulinNew Latin īnsula island (of Langerhans) ( from Latin island ) -in