Origin of howitzerDutch houvietser from 15th-c. German haufenitz from Czech houfnice, howitzer, origin, originally , a sling
A relatively short cannon that delivers shells at a medium muzzle velocity, usually by a high trajectory.
Origin of howitzerDutch houwitser from German Haubitze alteration of obsolete haufnitz catapult from Old Czech haufnice probably from haufný catapult that slung many stones at once hauf group, heap ( probably from Middle High German hūfe ) ( from Old High German hūfo ) -ný n. suff.
- A cannon that combines certain characteristics of guns and mortars. The howitzer delivers projectiles with medium velocities, either by low or high trajectories. JP 1-02.
- Normally a cannon with a tube length of 20 to 30 calibers; however, the tube length can exceed 30 calibers and still be considered a howitzer when the high angle fire zoning solution permits range overlap between charges. JP 1-02. See also gun; mortar.
- (sports, rugby, ice hockey) A powerfully hit shot.
From Dutch houwitser (see for further etymology).
- Part of it is now used as the headquarters of the 4th Welsh (Howitzer) Brigade R.F.A.
- The war organization of the home establishment, with its general and special reserves, aimed at the mobilization and despatch overseas of 6 army divisions, each of 12 battalions in 3 brigades; 9 field batteries in 3 brigades, a brigade of 3 field howitzer batteries, and a heavy battery, each with the appropriate ammunition columns; 2 field companies and telegraph company R.E.; 2 companies mounted infantry; and ambulances, columns and parks.
- The artillery is divided into (a) field artillery, horse artillery, mountain artillery and howitzer regiments; (b) fortress artillery; (c) artillery depots.
- On war-footing each field battery has 4 officers, 100-120 N.C. officers and men, 100-125 horses and draught animals, 3-9 ammunition wagons; each horse battery, 4 officers, 120 N.C. officers and men, 100 horses, &c., 3 ammunition wagons; each mountain battery, 3 officers, 100 N.C. officers and men, 87 horses, &c.; each howitzer battery, 4 officers, 120 N.C. officers and men, Poo horses, &c., 3 ammunition wagons.
- In 1904 the total strength of the artillery was given as 198 field batteries (1188 guns), 18 horse batteries (108 guns), 40 mountain batteries (240 guns) and 12 howitzer batteries (72 guns): total 268 batteries (1608 guns).