- the country in which one was born or makes one's home
- a country or region into which people of a specified group have relocated or may relocate, regarded as their ancestral land
- One's native land.
- A state, region, or territory that is closely identified with a particular people or ethnic group.
- Any of the ten regions designated by South Africa in the 1970s as semiautonomous or nominally independent territories for the black population. The black homelands were dissolved and reincorporated into South Africa in 1994.