The autumnal subsidence of the river was followed by shallow ploughing performed by oxen yoked to clumsy wooden ploughs, the clods being afterwards levelled with wooden hoes by hand.
Van Buren married in 1807 Hannah Hoes (1782-1819), by whom he had four sons.
All these types of plough are virtually hoes pulled through the ground, breaking but not inverting the soil.
In 1630 the Dutch West India Company granted the island to Michael Pauw as a part of his patroonship of Pavonia, and it was bought at this time from the Indians for "some duffels, kettles, axes, hoes, wampum, drilling awls, jew's harps, and divers other small wares"; but before Pauw had established a settlement upon it he sold his title back to the company.
Flint hoes (14) are common down to the XIIth Dynasty.
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