Turnips were hand-hoed and extensively employed in feeding sheep and cattle.
The young crop was hoed, reaping was performed with a sickle, and a high stubble left on the ground as manure.
Apart, the ground being made as level and firm as possible, and the plants should be regularly thinned, hoed and kept free from weeds.
The hay or leaf mulching on the strawberry beds should be removed and the ground deeply hoed (if not removed in April in the more forward places), after which it may be placed on again to keep the fruit clean and the ground from drying.
Three years may be said to be spent in the process, one year warping, one year drying and consolidating, and one year growing the first crop, which is generally seed-hoed in by hand, as the mud at this time is too soft to admit of horse labour.