- the group of West Germanic dialects spoken in central and S Germany
- the official and literary form of the German language, technically called New High German
Origin: calque of Ger hochdeutsch (see high & Deutschland): so named because orig. spoken chiefly in the higher regions of Germany
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- German as indigenously spoken and written in Austria, Switzerland, and central and southern Germany.
- The standard variety of German used as the official language in Germany and Austria and as one of the official languages in Switzerland.
Origin: Translation of German Hochdeutsch : hoch, high (from the mountainous terrain of the area in which it originated) + Deutsch, German.