gradient
gra·di·entAn example of a gradient is the rate at which a mountain gets steeper.
gradient
Origin of gradient
Classical Latin gradiens (gen. gradientis), present participle of gradi, to step: see grade- a slope, as of a road or railroad
- the degree of such slope
- Biol. a gradation in rate of growth, metabolism, etc. in an organism, growing part, or developing embryo
- Math. a vector pointing in the direction of the most rapid increase of a function and having coordinates that are the partial derivatives of the function
- Physics the rate of change of a physical quantity, as temperature or pressure, with distance
gradient
noun
Abbr. grad.- A rate of inclination; a slope.
- An ascending or descending part; an incline.
- Physics The rate at which a physical quantity, such as temperature or pressure, changes in response to changes in a given variable, especially distance.
- Mathematics A vector having coordinate components that are the partial derivatives of a function with respect to its variables.
- Biology A series of progressively increasing or decreasing differences in the growth rate, metabolism, or physiological activity of a cell, organ, or organism.
Origin of gradient
Perhaps grade -ient (as in quotient )gradient
(plural gradients)
- A slope or incline.
- A rate of inclination or declination of a slope.
- (calculus) Of a function y = f(x) or the graph of such a function, the rate of change of y with respect to x, that is, the amount by which y changes for a certain (often unit) change in x.
- (physics) The rate at which a physical quantity increases or decreases relative to change in a given variable, especially distance.
- (analysis) A differential operator that maps each point of a scalar field to a vector pointed in the direction of the greatest rate of change of the scalar. Notation for a scalar field φ: ∇φ
(not comparable)
- Moving by steps; walking.
- gradient automata
- Rising or descending by regular degrees of inclination.
- the gradient line of a railroad
- Adapted for walking, as the feet of certain birds.
- derating
- redating
- red giant
- treading
From Latin gradiens, present participle of gradior (“to step, to walk”)
gradient - Computer Definition
A smooth blending of shades from light to dark or from one color to another. In 2D drawing programs and paint programs, gradients are used to create colorful backgrounds and special effects as well as to simulate lights and shadows. In 3D graphics programs, lighting can be rendered automatically by the software. See 3D graphics.