Ten thousand gladiators are said to have perished in the arena, and eleven thousand beasts were killed in the contests.
Adjoining the theatres is a large rectangular enclosure, surrounded by a portico, at first the colonnade connected with the theatres, and converted, about the time of Nero, into the barracks of the gladiators, who were permanently maintained in the city with a view to the shows in the amphitheatre.
Clodius and Milo used bands of gladiators in their city riots, and this action on the part of the latter was approved by Cicero.
In Rome he was patron of gladiators, as of athletes in Greece.
Remains of gladiators' armour and weapons were found in some of the rooms, and in one, traces of the stocks used to confine insubordinate gladiators.