- a cultivated, lettucelike plant (Cichorium endivia) of the composite family: its curled, narrow leaves are cooked or blanched and used for salads
- another form of this vegetable with wide, smooth leaves, used as a potherb or in salads
- the young leaves of chicory (sense ) blanched for salads
Origin of endiveMiddle English and amp; Old French ; from Medieval Latin endivia ; from Medieval Greek endivi ; from Classical Latin intibus ; from Classical Greek entybon, probably ; from Egyptian t?-??bt, January (when it is said to grow in Egypt)
- A plant (Cichorium endivia) in the composite family, of South Asian origin, having curled or ruffled leaves with a bitter flavor, cultivated as a salad green.
- A variety of the common chicory (Cichorium intybus) cultivated to produce a narrow, pointed, blanched cluster of leaves used in salads. Also called Belgian endive, witloof.
Origin of endiveMiddle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin endivia, from Medieval Greek entubia, pl. diminutive of Greek entubon, from Latin intubus, of unknown origin.
top: Belgian endive
Cichorium endivia var. crispum
(countable and uncountable, plural endives)
From Old French endive, from Medieval Latin *endiva or Late Latin *intibus, perhaps from Byzantine Greek *entybon. Ultimately of uncertain origin, indeed perhaps Egyptian Arabic طوبه (tybi, “January”).