- a cultivated, lettucelike plant (Cichorium endivia) of the composite family: its curled, narrow leaves are cooked or blanched and used for salads
- another form of this vegetable with wide, smooth leaves, used as a potherb or in salads
- the young leaves of chicory (sense ) blanched for salads
Origin of endiveMiddle English and Old French from Medieval Latin endivia from Medieval Greek endivi from Classical Latin intibus from Classical Greek entybon, probably from Egyptian t?-??bt, January (when it is said to grow in Egypt)
- A plant (Cichorium endivia) in the composite family, of South Asian origin, having curled or ruffled leaves with a bitter flavor, cultivated as a salad green.
- A variety of the common chicory (Cichorium intybus) cultivated to produce a narrow, pointed, blanched cluster of leaves used in salads. Also called Belgian endive . Also called witloof .
Origin of endiveMiddle English from Old French from Medieval Latin endivia from Medieval Greek entubia pl. diminutive of Greek entubon from Latin intubus of unknown origin
top: Belgian endive
Cichorium endivia var. crispum
(countable and uncountable, plural endives)
From Old French endive, from Medieval Latin *endiva or Late Latin *intibus, perhaps from Byzantine Greek *entybon. Ultimately of uncertain origin, indeed perhaps Egyptian Arabic طوبه (tybi, “January”).