Taking Linke's (28) figures as given in § 10, and supposing h, = o, h 2 = 15 X 10 4, we find for the charge in the unit tube between the ground and 1500 metres level, remembering that the centimetre is now the unit of length, M = (I/41r) (125-25)/100.
From this we deduce for the charge p per cubic centimetre (I/41r)Xio-5 (volt/cm 2), or 2.7 X 101 electrostatic units.
Taking the centimetre, gramme and second as our fundamental units, the most convenient unit of force is that which, acting on a gramme for a second, produces in it a velocity of a centimetre per second; this is called a Dyne.
The unit of work is that which is required to overcome a resistance of a dyne over a centimetre, and is called an Erg.
We see therefore that I cubic centimetre of a normal sodium carbonate solution will exactly neutralize 0.049 gramme of sulphuric acid, 0.0365 gramme of hydrochloric acid (i.e.
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